Harmke Kamminga,Geert Somsen's Pursuing the Unity of Science: Ideology and Scientific PDF

By Harmke Kamminga,Geert Somsen

From 1918 to the past due Forties, a number of influential scientists and intellectuals in Europe and North the USA have been engaged in a few far-reaching solidarity of technology tasks. during this interval of deep social and political divisions, scientists collaborated to unify sciences throughout disciplinary barriers and to establish the foreign clinical neighborhood as a version for worldwide political co-operation. They strove to align clinical and social goals via rational making plans and to advertise unified technological know-how because the driver of human civilization and development. This quantity explores the harmony of technology circulate, offering an artificial view of its targets and putting it in its ancient context as a systematic and political strength. via a coherent set of unique case reports taking a look at the importance of assorted tasks and techniques of unification, the e-book highlights the nice number of manifestations of this endeavour. those diversity from unifying nuclear physics to the evolutionary synthesis, and from the democratization of clinical making plans to the utopianism of H.G. Wells's international nation. even as, the gathering brings out the substantial hyperlinks among those assorted ambitions, particularly within the kind of interconnected networks of unification and the alignment of pursuits between them. particularly, it indicates that competition to fascism, utilizing the device of unified technological know-how, grew to become the main pressing universal aim within the Thirties and Forties. In addressing those matters, the ebook makes obvious very important ancient advancements, displaying how scientists participated in, and actively helped to create, an interwar ideology of unification, and bringing to mild the cultural and political value of this enterprise.

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Curious Creatures in Zoology - download pdf or read online

By John Ashton

Curious Creatures in Zoology
John Ashton, English author (1834–1911)

This e-book offers «Curious Creatures in Zoology», from John Ashton. A dynamic desk of contents permits to leap on to the bankruptcy selected.

Table of Contents
- approximately This Book
- Preface
- Curious Creatures
- Amazons
- Pygmies
- Giants
- Early Men
- Wild Men
- bushy Men
- The Ouran Outan
- Satyrs
- The Sphynx
- Apes
- Animal Lore
- The Manticora
- The Lamia
- The Centaur
- The Gorgon
- The Unicorn
- The Rhinoceros
- The Gulo
- The Bear
- The Fox
- The Wolf
- The Antelope
- The Horse
- The Mimick Dog
- The Cat
- The Lion
- The Leontophonus-the Pegasus-the Crocotta
- The Leucrocotta-the Eale-cattle Feeding Backwards
- Animal Medicine
- The Su
- The Lamb-tree
- The Chimæra
- The Harpy And Siren
- The Barnacle Goose
- amazing Egg
- Moon Woman
- The Griffin
- The Phœnix
- The Swallow
- The Martlet, And Footless Birds
- Snow Birds
- The Swan
- The Alle, Alle
- The Hoopoe And Lapwing
- The Ostrich
- The Halcyon
- The Pelican
- The Trochilus
- Woolly Hens
- Four-footed Duck
- Fish
- The Sea-pig
- The Walrus
- The Ziphius
- The Dolphin
- The Swamfisck
- The Remora
- The Dog-fish And Ray
- the ocean Dragon
- the edge Ray
- Zoophytes
- The Kraken
- Crayfish And Crabs
- The Sea-serpent
- Serpents
- The Basilisk And Cockatrice
- The Salamander
- The Toad
- The Leech
- The Scorpion
- The Ant
- The Bee
- The Hornet

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Download e-book for kindle: Experimental Philosophy and the Birth of Empirical Science: by Michael Ben-Chaim

By Michael Ben-Chaim

How did empirical study develop into the cornerstone of contemporary technological know-how? students have characteristically linked empirical study with the hunt for wisdom, yet have didn't offer enough options to this uncomplicated ancient challenge. This ebook bargains a special procedure that makes a speciality of human knowing - instead of wisdom - and its cultural expression within the production and social transaction of causal causes. historical Greek philosophers professed that actual realizing of a specific topic was once received in basic terms while its nature, or essence, was once outlined. This old mode of rationalization offered the middle teachings of overdue medieval normal philosophers, and was once reaffirmed by means of early smooth philosophers akin to Bacon and Descartes. but throughout the moment 1/2 the seventeenth century, radical transformation gave upward thrust to leading edge examine practices that have been designed to provide an explanation for how empirical houses of the actual global have been correlated. The examine opened up during this ebook centres at the works of Robert Boyle, John Locke, and Isaac Newton - the main outstanding exponents of the 'experimental philosophy' within the past due seventeenth century - to discover how this modification ended in the emergence of a recognizably smooth tradition of empirical study. touching on empirical with explanatory practices, this ebook bargains a unique strategy to one of many significant difficulties within the heritage of western technological know-how and philosophy. It thereby presents a brand new viewpoint at the clinical Revolution and the origins of contemporary empiricism. whilst, this e-book demonstrates how historic and sociological instruments could be mixed to check technological know-how as an evolving establishment of human understanding.

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Download e-book for iPad: Menstruation and the Female Body in Early Modern England by S. Read

By S. Read

In early glossy English medication, the stability of fluids within the physique was once visible as key to healthiness. Menstruation used to be generally believed to manage blood degrees within the physique and so was once greatly mentioned in clinical texts. Sara learn examines all types of literature, from performs and poems, to life-writing, and compares those texts with the clinical theories.

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Re-Thinking Science: Knowledge and the Public in an Age of by Helga Nowotny,Peter B. Scott,Michael T. Gibbons PDF

By Helga Nowotny,Peter B. Scott,Michael T. Gibbons

Re-Thinking Science provides an account of the dynamic courting among society and technology. regardless of the mounting proof of a miles nearer, interactive courting among society and technological know-how, present debate nonetheless turns out to show at the have to keep a 'line' to demarcate them. The view persists that there's a one-way communique circulate from technological know-how to society - with scant cognizance given to the ways that society communicates with technology.

The authors argue that adjustments in society now make such communications either much more likely and extra various, and that this is often remodeling technological know-how not just in its learn practices and the associations that help it but in addition deep in its epistemological center. to provide an explanation for those adjustments, Nowotny, Scott and Gibbons have built an open, dynamic framework for re-thinking science.

The authors finish that the road which previously demarcated society from technology is frequently transgressed and that the ensuing nearer interplay of technology and society signs the emergence of a brand new form of technological know-how: contextualized or context-sensitive technology. The co-evolution among society and technological know-how calls for a roughly entire re-thinking of the foundation on which a brand new social agreement among technology and society could be built. of their dialogue the authors current a number of the parts that might include this new social contract.

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Download PDF by Sallie Han,Tracy K. Betsinger,Amy B. Scott,Rayna Rapp: Anthropology of the Fetus: Biology, Culture, and Society

By Sallie Han,Tracy K. Betsinger,Amy B. Scott,Rayna Rapp

As a organic, cultural, and social entity, the human fetus is a multifaceted topic which demands both various views to completely comprehend. Anthropology of the Fetus seeks to accomplish this by way of bringing jointly experts in organic anthropology, archaeology, and cultural anthropology. individuals draw on examine in prehistoric, old, and modern websites in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North the USA to discover the organic and cultural phenomenon of the fetus, elevating methodological and theoretical issues with the last word aim of constructing a holistic anthropology of the fetus.

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Caroline Jean Acker's Creating the American Junkie: Addiction Research in the PDF

By Caroline Jean Acker

Heroin used to be just one drug between many who fearful revolutionary period anti-vice reformers, yet via the mid-twentieth century, heroin dependancy got here to represent irredeemable deviance. Creating the yank Junkie examines how psychiatristsand psychologists produced a building of opiate addicts as deviants with inherently fallacious personalities stuck within the grip of a dependency from which few may ever break out. Their portrayal of the harsh city addict helped bolster the federal government's coverage of drug prohibition and created a social context that made the lifetime of the yankee heroin addict, or junkie, extra, no longer much less, precarious within the wake of revolutionary period reforms.

Weaving jointly the bills of addicts and researchers, Acker examines how the development of habit within the early 20th century used to be strongly inspired through the pro matters of psychiatrists trying to elevate their scientific authority; by way of the disciplinary goals of pharmacologists to construct a drug improvement infrastructure; and through the yankee clinical Association's crusade to minimize prescriptions of opiates and to absolve physicians in inner most perform from the need of treating tough addicts as sufferers. against this, early sociological stories of heroin addicts shaped a foundation for criticizing the criminalization of dependancy. by way of 1940, Acker concludes, a selected configuration of principles approximately opiate dependancy was once firmly in position and remained primarily strong till the big demographic alterations in drug use of the Sixties and Seventies triggered alterations within the realizing of addiction―and in public policy.

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New PDF release: The Nature of Classical Collecting: Collectors and

By Alexandra Bounia

The phenomenon of amassing as a scientific job undertaken for symbolic instead of genuine wishes, is ordinarily taken to originate in the course of the 15th century, while the 1st cupboards of curiosities seem in Italy. but it's transparent that the perform of accumulating began lengthy ahead of that, certainly its origins should be traced again hundreds of thousands of years to ecu prehistoric groups. when this early genesis is, because of loss of written files, nonetheless shrouded in a lot secret, the character of Classical amassing argues that the amassing practices of classical Greece and Rome supply a wealthy tapestry of stories which are reconstructed to light up a pivotal interval within the lengthy and ever constructing phenomenon of accumulating. using a large choice of examples of classical collections - together with grave items, the accumulations of Greek temples and open-air shrines, the royal collections of Hellenistic kings, Roman artwork and interest collections, and relics - the character of Classical amassing specializes in the sphere of the 'pre-history' of gathering, a ignored but serious part that helped crystallize the western inspiration of amassing. Drawing totally on Latin writings from the interval a hundred BCE to a hundred CE it exhibits how amassing underwent a transition from a spiritual and political job, to an highbrow perform within which connoisseurship may well impart social prestige. It additionally demonstrates how the appreciation of gadgets and artists replaced as new traits have been attributed to fabric tradition, leading to the institution of paintings markets, patronage and an curiosity within the historical past of paintings. by means of exploring those early advancements, the character of Classical amassing not just offers a desirable perception into the tradition of past due Hellenistic/early Imperial Roman accumulating, but in addition bargains a far fuller grounding for realizing the affects and inspirations of these Renaissance creditors who themselves have been to have the sort of profound effect at the process eu paintings, structure and culture.

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