By Douglas Wilson Johnson
From the creation . . .
"Do the mountains guard the military, or does the military protect the mountains?" the matter is an outdated, one, and has claimed the eye of army specialists in all nations and in all times.
Expressed in broader phrases, it's the oft-debated query as to the relative impression of topography upon procedure and strategies lower than altering stipulations of struggle. it truly is an ever-recurring
question, for every "revolution" in tools of strive against brings in its educate a physique of opinion purpose on demonstrating that, below the
new stipulations of scuffling with, topographic hindrances have misplaced their value, strategic gateways not exist, and commanding
positions not "command." Then, as opposing forces proportion within the new discoveries, or revenue in equivalent degree through new systems,
the basic value of topography reasserts itself, and every aspect maneuvers for an effective place at the terrain
as one of many must haves to victory in battle.
The query remains to be a dwell one. The battle of this day employs quite a few innovations and technical units, each one of which can seem to lessen, if to not damage, the impression of topography
upon army operations. What defense is a river channel, whilst the fashionable army engineer can throw bridges throughout it in a number of hours, defended by means of artillery which may achieve the enemy
many miles past the farther financial institution? What desire has the artillery
for hill positions, while weapons at the moment are as a rule hid in valleys and ravines, firing with remarkable accuracy upon objectives
the gunners by no means see? With sound-ranging and flashranging units to identify enemy batteries, with airplanes and aerial photog'1lphy to find those and different ambitions and to exercise
surveillance over enemy hobbies, of what value is a paltry elevation of a few few tens or thousands of toes, dignified in prior wars as "dominating heights?" So could one multiply,
indefinitely, queries the typical resolution to which might appear to be that during the war of the current time the innovations of guy have decreased to insignificance the ro1e of Nature.
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Extra info for Battlefields of the World War: Western and Southern Fronts; A Study in Military Geography
Battlefields of the World War: Western and Southern Fronts; A Study in Military Geography by Douglas Wilson Johnson